Salter was a stage designer from 1920-1927. He designed his first
book jacket in Berlin in 1927. In 1930 he began teaching and was
head of the department of commercial art at the Hoehere Graphische
Fachschule in Berlin. March of 1933 found him declared persona non
grata and was forbidden by the Reichskulturkamer. In November 1934
he came to America and began working almost immediately designing
book jackets. He designed most of his book jackets for Alfred A.
Knopf and did magazine covers for Mercury Publications, of which
he was art director from 1939-1958. He taught classes in design
at the School of Library Service at Columbia University in 1936
and calligraphy, book design and illustration at Cooper Union from
1936 to 1967. From
1950-1951 he taught at New York Universtiy. His students include
Hans J. Barschel, Milton Glaser, Philip Grushkin, Jeanyee Wong,
Claire Ross and Nicholas Fasciano. In addition to book jacket design
he designed trademarks and logos for such clients as Time-Life Records,
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts and Columbia University.
A retrospective exhibit
was held at Gallery 303 (formerly AD Gallery) in 1961.